Genocide in Darfur – No business with death
29 October 2007
In today’s media conference, the non-governmental organisations Society for Threatened Peoples, Berne Declaration, Genocide Intervention Network and Bank Track have disclosed the involvement of Swiss banks in companies engaged in the Sudanese oil industry. Around 70 percent of Sudan’s oil income is spent on military purposes. According to Genocide Intervention Network, PetroChina, Sinopec (China), Petronas (Malaysia) and the Indian Oil and Natural Gas Company (ONGC) belong to some of the “highest offenders” and thus are directly or indirectly connected with the genocide in Darfur. PetroChina is furthermore investing over a billion US dollars in a pipeline project in Burma, which will provide the military junta with an income of 150 million US dollars per year.
A large number of Swiss financial institutions own investments in the above mentioned oil companies - the UBS group owns investments with a stock market value of 2.7 billion US dollars and the Credit Suisse group up to around 2.8 billion US dollars. Several cantonal and private banks also own investments with a stock exchange value of millions of US dollars. Above all, UBS Securities Co. is planning to underwrite PetroChina’s IPO on the Shanghai stock exchange on 5 November 2007. This would lead to one of the greatest sales of shares in the region, with an estimated value of 5.9 billion US dollars.
The genocide in Darfur can only be stopped with the additional use of effective economic pressure - this is why the four organisations call on the Swiss banks to urge their business clients acting in Sudan to take consistent measures to prevent their direct or indirect contribution to genocide. If the oil companies in question do not react, the financial institutions should pull back. In this case, the UBS must resign from underwriting PetroChina’s IPO. Christoph Wiedmer, the manager of the Society of Threatened Peoples demands: “Economic players can no longer deny its responsibility in regions where human rights abuses of this dimension are taking place. Either the investors achieve a change of thinking in the concerned governments and oil companies, or they should cancel their business relations with the problematic companies.”
These financial connections of banks with companies supporting Sudan’s oil income are only one, albeit grave, example of how banks can come into conflict with human rights. This is why Andreas Missbach from the Berne Declaration demands: “The major banks UBS and Credit Suisse must create substantial, attainable and transparent human rights guidelines, in order to avoid becoming an accomplice in human rights violations.”