Vale’s tax practices

© [Translate to English:]
Public Eye (formerly the Berne Declaration) analysed the tax practices of the company Vale along with the role of Vale International SA’s subsidiaries and the most significant tax disputes with the Brazilian government. The Brazilian mining giant Vale uses numerous subsidiaries in St. Prex – which are eligible for tax breaks – to reduce its global tax bill. This harms both Brazil and presumably over 20 developing and emerging countries where Vale is active.

Report: Vale’s tax practices

(only available in German)

Since 2006, the Brazilian mining giant Vale has moved numerous subsidiaries previously registered in offshore finance hubs to St. Prex in the Swiss canton of Vaud. The company enjoys full tax exemptions at the municipal and cantonal levels. And thanks to what is known as the ‘Bonny’ ruling, from 2006 to 2012, Vale International only paid tax on 20% of its profits at the federal level. This equated to some CHF15 billion or 40% of the firm’s total profits; the company has 80,000 employees globally of which at the of 2012, exactly 117 worked in St. Prex. Tax is paid in Switzerland for a far higher percentage of profits that could be generated in the country – to the detriment of the producer countries.

Shedding light on dark business Research on commodity trading. Read all investigation reports.